Surface tide on a rapidly rotating body

Surface tide on a rapidly rotating body

2019-12-26 10:46:03 admin 5

Wei, X. (2019): 


Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 484: 3017-3021.



Abstract:   By solving Laplace's tidal equations with friction terms we study the surface tide on a rapidly rotating body. When $\epsilon=\Omega^2 R/g$, the square of the ratio of dynamical timescale to rotational timescale, is very small for the Earth the asymptotic result was derived. When it is not so small, e.g. a rapidly rotating star or planet, we perform numerical calculations. It is found that when rotation is sufficiently fast ($\epsilon$ reaches $0.1$) a great amount of tidal resonances appear. To generate the same level of tide, a faster rotation corresponds to a lower tidal frequency. Friction suppresses tidal resonances but cannot completely suppress them at fast rotation. The thickness of fluid layer can change tidal resonances but this change becomes weaker at faster rotation. This result is of help to understanding the tides in the atmosphere of a rapidly rotating star or planet or in the ocean of a neutron star.