Main research areas: Large Scale Structures, Galaxy Formation and Evolution, Gravitational Theories, The Early Universe, Standard Model of Cosmology -- Theory and Observation, Gravitational Lensing in Cosmology, Cosmological Numerical Simulation.
2．High Energy Astrophysics, Active Galactic Nuclei and Quasars
Main research areas: Multi-wavelength observation and cross-verification of Active Galactic Nuclei, Theoretical Modeling and Spatial Distribution of Active Galactic Nuclei and Quasars, Accretion Disk and Black Hole Theory
3．Stars and Interstellar Medium
Main research areas: Stellar structure and evolution--Observation and Theory, Asteroseismology, Molecular Astronomy, Interstellar Dust and Extinction
4．Solar and Plasma Astrophysics
Main research areas: Solar model and Solar Seismology, Solar Magnetism, Solar Magnetic and Velocity Field, Solar Microwave Burst Fine Structure, Solar Corona and Wind, Solar Quiescent Region Magnetic Field,
5．Astrometry and Celestial Mechanics
Main research areas: Orbital Mechanics, Spacecraft Orbital Perturbation Theory, Precision Orbital Control Theory, Solar Activities, Relationship Between Tidal Effects and Natural Disasters, Dynamics of Solar System Small Celestial Bodies
6. Laboratory Astrophysics
Main research areas: Laboratory Astrophysicsis a multi-disciplinary subject (involving plasma physics, astrophysics, laser optics, nuclear physics) that utilizes experimental apparatus on the ground which are unconventional for astronomy, to study astrophysics. E.g., it uses particle accelerators to study particle astrophysics, uses Electron Beam Ion Trap to study the coronal spectra of celestial objects, uses powerful lasers and pinching equipments to study high-energy-density astrophysical phenomena -- such as jets and shocks. Propelled by advances in nuclear fusion research, Laboratory Astrophysics is becoming an active area within high-energy-density physics research.
7．Optics(Astronomical Technology and Apparatus
Main research areas: Astronomical Apparatus and Their Applications
8．Curriculum and Teaching Theory (Astronomy Education and Outreach)
Main research areas: Astronomy Education Research, Comparison Between Chinese and Western Astronomical Education, Middle School Astronomy Education -- Theory and Practice, University Astronomy Education -- Theory and Practice, Astronomy Textbook and Teaching Resources Development